Biometrics is the most pertinent means of identifying and authenticating people reliably and quickly through the use of unique biological characteristics.
Biometric authentication is the process of comparing data for the person’s characteristics with that person’s biometric “template” to determine similarity.
The reference model is first stored in a database or in a secure portable item such as a smartphone.
The stored data is compared with the biometric data of the person being authenticated. Here the identity of the person is verified.
In this mode, the question is: »Are you really the one who authenticates yourself?
Biometric identification consists of determining the identity of a person.
The goal is to capture a biometric data item from this person. It can be a photo of your face, a record of your voice, or an image of your fingerprint. These data are compared with the biometric data of several other people kept in a database.
In this mode, the question is simple: »Who authenticates?
Trends in identity authentication
In the face of document fraud and identity theft, new threats like terrorism or cybercrime, and changes in international regulations, new technology solutions are gradually being implemented.
One of these technologies, biometrics, has quickly established itself as the most pertinent means of reliably and quickly identifying and authenticating people, using unique biological characteristics.
Several factors make for greater public acceptance, effective and successful precision tests, expand the offer and improve the drop in prices of sensors, IP cameras and software make it easier to install biometric systems. Today, many applications make use of this important technology when keeping distances.
Identity authentication definition and examples
Biometrics is the science of analyzing the specific physical or behavioral characteristics of each individual in order to authenticate their identity. There are two categories of biometrics:Physiological measurements
They can be morphological or biological. These mainly consist of fingerprints, the shape of the hand, the finger, the pattern of the vein, the eye (iris and retina) and the shape of the face, for morphological analysis.
For biological analyzes, medical teams and police forensics can use DNA, blood, saliva, or urine.
Identity authentication requirements
Biometrics is growing rapidly, particularly in the field of identity documents. In general, it combines other security technologies, such as facial recognition.
There are three possible ways to prove identity:
The use of biometrics has many benefits.
The main one is the level of security and precision it guarantees. Unlike passwords, credentials, or documents, biometric data cannot be forgotten, exchanged, stolen, or falsified.